Common Toad

Bufo bufo

  1. Wildlife
  2. Amphibians
  3. Common Toad


Common Toads are amphibians, breeding in ponds during the spring and spending much of the rest of the year feeding on dry land in woodland, gardens, hedgerows and tussocky grassland. Common Toads breed in larger, deeper ponds than Common Frogs. They are famous for their mass migrations back to their breeding ponds on the first warm, damp evenings of the year, often around St. Valentine's Day.

How to identify

Olive-brown, warty skin and short back legs. Walks rather than hops. Toads lay their eggs in long strings of spawn, wrapped around aquatic plants.

Where to find it

Widespread but declining across the country. Found almost everywhere, except for Scottish Islands, Northern Ireland, the Isle of Man, the Isles of Scilly and most of the Channel Islands.


When to find it

  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October

How can people help

Human activity, including the drainage of land for agriculture and the loss of ponds through development, has resulted in the disappearance of many wetlands. This has taken its toll on wetland wildlife like toads. The Wildlife Trusts are working closely with planners, developers and farmers to ensure our wetlands are protected. You can help: encourage toads and other amphibians into your garden by having a wildlife-friendly pond and leaving piles of logs for hibernating beneath. In partnership with the RHS, The Wildlife Trusts' Wild About Gardens initiative can help you plan your wildlife garden.

Local information

If you'd like to help make sure that toads can safely cross Worcestershire's roads between mid February and March then download our Toad Crossing factsheet.

Species information

Common name
Common Toad
Latin name
Bufo bufo
Length: 8cm Weight: 10-100g Average Lifespan: up to 40 years
Conservation status
Protected in the UK under the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981, and classified as a Priority Species in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan.